Technical Analysis Explained

current price

What if the bars aren’t consistently offering higher or lower closes? This situation is called congestion, and you should hold off trading the security until you see a trend. A trend can be identified by connecting a series of price bars to form a support or resistance line and looking for a directional slope. You can also use a series of bars to create a moving average, simple or fancy, to do the same thing — discern a directional slope. On the whole, technical analysis seeks to identify trends to aid your trading decisions, and trends start with the bar. The annotated example above shows a stock that opened with a gap up.


Every stock gives key buy and sell signals which can be found by simply knowing how to interpret volume on stock charts. Volume is one of the most basic and beneficial concepts to understand when trading stocks. Volume is defined as, “the number of shares traded during a given period of time.” This means each time a person sells or buys shares of a stock, that is considered volume. On the other hand, technical analysis is often seen as at a disadvantage since it doesn’t account for a portion of market behavior that remains unpredictable. While historical trends and patterns have proven to be reliable, they’re not always entirely 100% accurate.

Moving Averages

To use the MACD, you compare it to a signal line, which is the nine-period exponential moving average of the MACD line. Typically, the bands will be set at two standard deviations above and below the 20-day moving average. Price refers, simply, to how much a single share of a security costs, while volume is the number of shares of a security that are traded in a given time frame, such as a day. Traders are advised to always have a full plan, complete with entry point, and take profit levels before entering a position. Stop losses can be set to avoid further losses if a position goes in the opposite direction the trader expects. Having a plan in place ahead of time ensures that emotions don’t get in the way and convolute the strategy set in motion by the trader, and result in either loss or less profitable trade.

TZOO breaks out of a nice 2.5 month consolidation in expectation of strong earnings, but once released, the stock gapped heavily to the downside on record volume. For another example, this one shows the rise and fall of Travelzoo stock. The stock ran from $20 to $103.80 in less than eight months, then over the next five fell all the way back to its initial price levels around $20. Heavy distribution or accumulation identifies new trends – The two heavy distribution weeks in May and June 2008 were key turning points for the stock. The base we are focusing on here was a seven month cup with handle base that formed from March through October 2010. Here is a daily chart showing the original base that started an 80%+ move for the stock.

Barbara publishes daily reports using both techniques for central banks, professional fund managers, corporate hedgers, and individual traders. Technical analysis deviates from the efficient market hypothesis which claims that humans always exercise rationality in decision making, and by extension, buying and selling of financial assets. In fact, technicians heavily link TA to the study of investor psychology and human behavior in different circumstances. Technicians believe that there is convincing evidence, gathered over the years, that shows that the response of investors follows the same pattern when subjected to similar circumstances. The question of whether technical analysis really works depends upon your view of this art form.

You don’t need an economics degree to analyze a market index chart. It does not matter whether you are looking at a stock, market index or commodity. The technical principles of support, resistance, trend, trading range and other aspects can be applied to any chart. As simple as this may sound, technical analysis is far from easy. A moving average is a stock indicator commonly used in technical analysis, used to help smooth out price data by creating a constantly updated average price. A rising moving average indicates that the security is in an uptrend, while a declining moving average indicates a downtrend.

  • The main tools of mathematical analysis are indicators and oscillators.
  • They are specific price levels that the market finds difficult to exceed.
  • From the peak close, it takes the price six days to cross below the moving average — and ten days for the value of the moving average to be lower than the day before.
  • But for now, most traders stick to one of the main two methods.
  • Losses can arise because the market goes haywire and behaves in a bizarre and abnormal way, while your indicators were chosen to work well under normal conditions.
  • Another criticism of technical analysis is that history does not repeat itself exactly, so price pattern study is of dubious importance and can be ignored.

The price rises and then goes down from a certain level and drops slightly, forming a local minimum – a signal line. Then the price rises again to the level of the first maximum, forming the second peak and goes down again. The head and shoulders reversal pattern is quite common after a strong and long-term trend. The figure is three consecutive peaks, the middle of which is the highest, and the other two peaks on the sides are lower and approximately equal. The main tools of mathematical analysis are indicators and oscillators. History repeats itself – cryptocurrencies and stocks are traded by people and they tend to behave similarly in certain situations, which creates cycles of repetition in a market.

Technical analysis vs. fundamental analysis

First, I have a daily chart showing how Fossil’s setup developed over 3.5 months. To be more technical, a channel is the combination of an existing trendline and an additional parallel line. Normally, the share price will oscillate between the trendline and the parallel line, enabling swing traders to create potentially profitable trades. When an existing trendline meets resistance, be prepared for a dynamic shift. For example, in the Allstate chart, when the blue uptrend converged with resistance, prices moved lower. Daily trade range – Just like volume, each red or black vertical line on the chart represents one independent trading day.


A candlestick chart is a special kind of chart that is the most appropriate for technical analysis and is in the form of a series of consecutive candles. The analysis proves to be an excellent way for people to check if the investment done by them would bear fruitful rewards or would go down the drain. It also reduces the risk that comes pre-applied with the stock market.

Daily moving averages

If a currency lies above the upper band, it’s considered overbought, and traders will stay away. If it’s below the lower band, then it’s considered undersold, which makes it an attractive trade to enter. Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors.

It is important to determine whether or not a security meets these three requirements before applying technical analysis. That’s not to say that analysis of any stock whose price is influenced by one of these outside forces is useless, but it will affect the accuracy of that analysis. There are dozens of different candlestick formations, along with several pattern variations. It’s certainly helpful to know what a candlestick pattern indicates – but it’s even more helpful to know if that indication has proven to be accurate 80% of the time. And here is a weekly chart showing the original setup, breakout, and price action thereafter. After a peak and pull back in early December, volume drops off as SINA forms yet another base.

The slump in stocks has a silver lining – it shows investors have … – msnNOW

The slump in stocks has a silver lining – it shows investors have ….

Posted: Tue, 28 Feb 2023 16:08:09 GMT [source]

Those sectors that show the most promise would be singled out for individual analysis. Once the sector list is narrowed to 3-4 industry groups, individual stock selection can begin. Technical analysis as we know it today was first introduced by Charles Dow and the Dow Theory in the late 1800s.

Learn How to Analyze Charts

“Simple moving average” is the average price over a specified period and is used to determine the direction of a trend. The first tenet of technical analysis is a basic belief that the efficient markets hypothesis is correct. This means that all available information about a stock’s value is reflected in the stock’s price.

  • Once the field of support and resistance is identified, trading becomes an easy task to carry forward.
  • Traders use these techniques of Technical analysis and apply it to charts in order to identify entry and exit points for potential traders.
  • The resistance is a point where a bullish pressure will most likely stop, and the price will start to drop again, while the support is the point where there is likely to be a bullish reversal .

To calculate an EMA, the simple moving average over a particular period is calculated first. An exponential moving average is a weighted average that gives greater importance to the price of a stock in more recent days, making it an indicator that is more responsive to new information. When looking for confirmation of a price trend, the volume trend should be increasing or about even with the average daily volume over the same time period. When looking for evidence of a trend losing steam, analysts want to see a trend in decreasing volume. If a stock’s price is declining, support is where the aggressiveness of buyers is estimated to increase, in theory preventing prices from declining below this price area. Because support is an indication of where buyers may have interest, this term is sometimes used interchangeably with buying, demand, bulls or price floor.

Price charts

For example, if a five day pattern of a stock’s price is Rs.50, 52, 48, 46 and 51, it is difficult to tell the movement of prices. However, if we can calculate the average of these prices and compare them with the average of the previous five days and the next five days, we can ascertain a broad trend. Support is a price level where a downward trend of price movement is expected to halt. At this point, the price of the falls and the demand of the increases which forms a pattern.

Alamos Gold Stock: Solid Company With Excellent Growth … – Seeking Alpha

Alamos Gold Stock: Solid Company With Excellent Growth ….

Posted: Tue, 28 Feb 2023 17:40:08 GMT [source]

Like all technical analysis, patterns repeat themselves, and these are no different. During ever earnings season gems like these stocks below will appear and with a little practice your portfolio will be ready to capitalize on their future success. Correctly identifying these trend changers will allow you to establish initial price targets and to develop your own sell discipline. As with other patterns we have previously discussed, knowing the fine details of support and resistance levels will increase your chances for success. Every investor should have a strong understanding of volume and its role in the stock market.

Underlying Assumptions of Technical Analysis

Common reversal patterns are head and shoulders (H&S), inverse H&S, double top, double bottom, triple top, and triple bottom. Explain technical analysis applications to portfolio management. Let’s take a look at the different tools that a technical analyst uses individually.


Technical analysts believe that the current price fully reflects all information. Because all information is already reflected in the price, it represents the fair value, and should form the basis for analysis. It would be folly to disagree with the price set by such an impressive array of people with impeccable credentials. Technical analysis utilizes the information captured by the price to interpret what the market is saying with the purpose of forming a view on the future.

About the Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may also like these